“Doing over Mere Knowing, and Cooperation over Competition”: Dewey’s Theory of Education and its Relevance Today
KHAS Core Program
3 November 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
The objective will be to give an outline of some of the main tenets of Dewey’s theory of education: its emphasis on doing over mere knowing, on the student as active participant over the student as passive recipient, on cooperation over competition, and on the important of interdisciplinarity. I will contextualize this theory in terms of his overall philosophy of pragmatism, and give a sense of what made his theory of education revolutionary for its time. I will then explore its influence over the history of subsequent developments in pedagogy, not least in the formation of common core programs such as the one which exists at Kadir Has. I will then ask what further inspiration we might take from it as teachers and learners.
On the Road: Space, Place, and Identity in the American Road Film
Khas Core Program
17 November 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
In this lecture, I examine the defining features of the American road film, tracing its traditions from the beginning of the genre to more modern road films. I discuss how the genre questions notions of space, place, and identity in its overall critique of American society, as well as how physical movement in such films functions as a metaphor for both literal and symbolic journeys. Defined by its narrative and mise-en-scene, the road film often destabilizes the traditional sense of “home,” either by situating it in many different places/spaces or by overturning the concept altogether. In my discussion of how the road film uses such spaces to critique national and personal identities, I review the iconography and archetypes of the genre by placing them within a cultural and historical context. I also discuss some common themes and trajectories of the road film, such as how “the road” gives impetus to escape and internal transformation. Some of the questions posed in this lecture include: What characterizes the protagonist of a typical road film? Whose “road” is it? Why do characters in such films “hit the road” in the first place? And where does the road ultimately lead? Examples of road film sub-genres covered in the lecture include the “outlaw couple” road film, the “buddy” road film, and the queer road film.
War, Militarism and Gender: Women as Warriors during the War of Independence
24 November 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
War periods are gendered processes; certain policies are developed to reconstitute femininity and masculinity in the service of nationalization and militarization. The literature in the field not only highlights the experiences of women during wars but also draws attention to how gender is instrumentalized in the service of war effort. Fighting is usually considered as an “exceptional” war experience for women, this is also the case for women who were represented as “warriors” during the War of Independence. Figures such as Ayşe Hanım, Asker Samime Hanım, Nazife Kadın, Tayyar Rahmiye, Zeynep Hanım, Gördesli Makbule, Hatice Hanım, Erkek Halime and Kara Fatma(s) are known to be the “heroines” of the War of Independence.
This talk will focus on the representation of woman warriors of the War of Independence with a specific focus on the genre of Kara Fatma(s). Among the female warrior figures of the War of Independence, Kara Fatma(s) historically constitute a genre that can be traced back to the Ottoman period; there are references to Kara Fatma(s) of the Crimean War and of the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878.
Sevim Burak ve Ford Mach I’in İstanbul’unda İnsandışı Failler
15 December 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
Bu sunum Sevim Burak’ın Ford Mach I metninde insanlar ve insandışı faillerin ilişkilerine odaklanacaktır. İnsan merkezci bir dille insanın öncelendiği, metnin insanın tahakkümünde kurgulandığı bir söylem Ford Mach I’de nihai değildir. Metnin kolektif üretim süreci, anlatı stratejilerinin kullanımı, anlatıya konu olan malzeme; insanla insan olmayanı aynı düzlemde düşünebilmemize imkân tanıyan bir metinsel ağ inşa etmiştir. Ford Mach I otomobil ile insanın, hayvan ile otomobilin, insan ile nesnenin, söylem ile maddenin çaprazlama ilişkilendiği durumlarda eylemlerin neye benzeyeceğini, sınırların nasıl zorlandığını, sınırların yeniden ve birlikte oluşturulmak üzere meydana getirdiği imkânları göstermektedir. Boğaziçi Köprüsü’nün açılacağı günün gecesinde başlayan romanın geri dönüşlerle kapsadığı elli yıllık süreci kurmaca düzleminde nasıl var ettiği tartışılacak, metnin insan olmayanları dillendirme biçimine yakından bakılacaktır. Bugünkü karşılıkları kentsel dönüşüm/yenileme olan hareketlerin nüvelerinin görüldüğü 1970’ler İstanbul’u “kentsel asemblaj” kavramını örneklemektedir. Kentin sokaklarında farklı sınıflardan kişilerin karşılaşma anlarının sahnelendiği metinde, yürüyerek ve otomobilin içinden caddeler kat edilir. Yolların, hayvanların, insanların, otomobillerin, makinelerin iç içeliğindeki kent sayısız başka faille ilişkilenmelere açılmıştır. Böylece Ford Mach I’in makineselliği; bir tür “açık yapıt” olarak açık uçlu okumalarla metnin yazarını çoğullaştırması; nihayetinde metindeki insan dışı varlıkların kendi sesini arama-bulma süreci vesilesiyle edebiyat ile insan olmayanların salınımındaki tartışmalar mümkün kılınmıştır.
Censoring the Nation: Censorship of Turkish Cinema in the Shadow of the Cold War
22 December 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
This paper analyzes Turkish film censorship between 1936 and the early 1970s. The period includes the Second World War, Turkey’s transition to multiparty system, industrialization, rural to urban migration, and two military interventions: one in 1960, the second one in 1971. The 1950s and 1970s, at the same time, coincided with the Golden Age of Turkish cinema leading to an enormous production and consumption. During the period under examination, Turkish cinema was a significant area to understand the formation of Turkish nationhood in relation to market demands and state interventions in the form of censorship. Relying on censorship reports prepared by the Central Film Control Committee, this paper reveals that censorship was a powerful tool of the state to design the boundaries of Turkishness through a homogeneous and standard imagining of the Turkish national identity as opposed to heterogeneity which made different national imaginings possible. The paper also argues that these reports were never independent, in fact were the products of the dominant ideological codes of the Turkish political culture. In this regard, although the Committee was a domestic institution, it never worked independent from foreign policy. Thus, the paper also analyzes how the implications of the Commission’s criteria changed over time under the influence of gradually increasing aggressiveness and militarism in the country as a response to foreign policy concerns.
Modern Türkçe Şiirde Teknolojik Koşul ve Zaman
29 December 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
Teknoloji, yalnızca yazım tekniklerinin ötesinde bir noktadan şiirin mevcudiyetine dahil olabilir mi? Şiirin zamansallığı ile tekniğin zamansallığı nasıl örtüşür? Bu konuşma modern Türkçe şiire felsefi temelli bir teknoloji düşüncesi yahut teknoloji sorusu çerçevesinde yaklaşma ve özelde Oktay Rifat şiirini teknoloji ve zamansallık ilişkisi bağlamında tartışmaya açma niyetindedir. Fransız filozof Bernard Stiegler’in Heidegger düşüncesi ile hesaplaşma içerisinde kurguladığı özgül “teknolojik koşul” nosyonundan ve teknoloji ile zamansallığın doğası arasında kurduğu yoğun denklikten hareketle Oktay Rifat şiirinin pastorale ya da yalın doğa görünümlerine yer verdiği anlarda dahi yüksek düzeyde bir teknoloji düşüncesini işlettiği öne sürülecek.
Between Care and Violence: Istanbul's Street Dogs
The New School for Social Research, NY Istanbul Planning Agency
5 January 2021, Tuesday, 20.00
Ph.D. Candidate, Politics, at The New School for Social Research, New York. In her dissertation entitled, "Between Care and Violence: Istanbul's Street Dogs", Yıldırım investigates the intertwined relations that have long encompassed the dogs' fragile but resilient bodies on the streets of Istanbul. Her research shed light on the governmental, legal, and symbolic orders of dominance and affection, coexistence and isolation, protection, and killing the animal bodies. In light of various practices, spaces, designs that have shaped the use, control, and governance of canine bodies, their erratic mobilities, and daily encounters across urban public spaces, Yıldırım discusses the politics of impunity, violence, and care in Turkey. Animal rights and ecology activist. Teaching Fellow at The New School Global, Urban and Environmental Programs (GLUE), and doctoral fellow at Istanbul Research Institute. Yıldırım currently works at Istanbul Planning Agency as an expert researcher on Climate Crisis, Ecology, and Environmental Politics.
Transnational Feminisms, Literature and Translation: Contemporary Turkish Women Writers in English Translation
Department of English and Comparative Literary Studies, University of Warwick
10 November 2020, Tuesday, 20.00
Transnational feminist theories underline the diverse, intersectional and multiple workings of local and global issues in women’s lives and highlight the importance of comparative and contextual frames in exploring multiple forms of oppression and resistance. In this seminar, I discuss that approaching literature and translation through a transnational feminist lens can facilitate strong sites of feminist praxis and activism that could build bridges across cultures. I concentrate on several contemporary Turkish women writers in English translation to draw attention to Eurocentric perspectives noted in the circulation, perception and reception of their works. Emphasizing the multi-layered contexts and themes of their texts, I also argue that transnational feminist engagement with literature and translation help creating scholarly and pedagogical activities that would not only decolonize academia and publishing industry but also create nuanced networks of cross-cultural communication.
Dünyayı Sevmek: Hannah Arendt'te Özgürlük, Eylem ve Sorumluluk
İstanbul University, Department of Political Science and International Relations
8 December 2020, Tuesday, 20.00